What Is Acute Myeloid Leukemia? What Causes Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

Blood Cancer treatmentLeukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help your body fight infection. Your blood cells form in your bone marrow. In leukemia, however, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells. These cells crowd out the healthy blood cells, making it hard for blood to do its work. In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), there are too many of a specific type of white blood cell called a myeloblast.

Acute myeloid leukemia, also known as acute myeloblastic leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, acute nonlymphocytic leukemia, AML, or ANLL is a fast-growing malignant disease in which too many useless immature white blood cells are found in the blood and bone marrow.

The symptoms of AML are caused by replacement of normal bone marrow with leukemic cells, which causes a drop in red blood cells, platelets, and normal white blood cells.

These symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, easy bruising and bleeding, and increased risk of infection.

Although several risk factors for AML have been identified, the specific cause of the disease remains unclear.

As an acute leukemia, AML progresses rapidly and is typically fatal within weeks or months if left untreated.

AML has several subtypes; treatment and prognosis varies among subtypes. Five-year survival varies from 15–70%, and relapse rate varies from 78–33%, depending on subtype.

Acute Myeloid Leukemia Symptoms

The early signs of AML are often vague and non-specific, and may be similar to those of influenza or other common illnesses.

AML symptoms are caused by a lack of properly functioning blood cells in the circulatory system. Signs and symptoms generally come on gradually and then escalate in severity as the number of useless cells (blast cells) take up more and more space in the blood. Symptoms can include:

  • A high fever
  • A large number of infections over a short period
  • Breathlessness
  • Fatigue
  • Excessive sweating
  • Pain in the joints, and perhaps also the bones
  • Pallor
  • Skin bruises easily
  • Swollen liver
  • Swollen lymph nodes (glands)
  • Swollen spleen
  • Unexplained regular bleeding, of perhaps the nose or gums
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • If the affected cells get into the central nervous system (CNS) there may be headaches, blurred vision, dizziness, fits (seizures) and vomiting

Some generalized symptoms include fever, fatigue, weight loss or loss of appetite, shortness of breath, anemia, easy bruising or bleeding, petechiae (flat, pin-head sized spots under the skin caused by bleeding), bone and joint pain, and persistent or frequent infections.

Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Common treatments include chemotherapy, other drugs, radiation therapy, stem cell transplants, and targeted immune therapy. None of these have been proved to be effective in improving the 5 year survival rate. At Welling Clinic, we use highly diluted extracts from natural substances to stimulate the stem cells and also to repair the bone marrow to produce normal blood cells. The symptomatic relief is felt within 4-6 weeks and further progressing to improving of general health condition. The Cancer treatment protocol from Welling Clinic can be started with other simultaneous treatments if required. But as the time progresses  and symptoms start improving, no other treatment  is usually required.

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